Cambridge, Massachusetts is located in the metropolitan area of Boston, being a smaller town which was first settled by the Christian Puritans, back in 1630. During that period of time, the town developed its agriculture and a little while after that, in 1793 and 1809, the first bridges were built over the Charles River, thus making a more rapid connection to the larger Town of Boston.
That has led to the rapid development of the furniture industry, as well as of glass production. Over the next ten years numerous Irish immigrants settled in Cambridge, and nowadays the Irish population represented up to 22 per cent of the entire number of inhabitants. In the years that followed, the region received thousands of other immigrants arriving from Italy, Russia, Germany, Poland and even Portugal. Many Jews also chose this city as their residence and came over in large numbers.
So, it is no surprise that today, the population in the Cambridge area is very diverse. Due to the proximity of Harvard University, MIT or Radcliffe, many intelligent young men and women have populated the region. At present several huge internationally known companies like Google, Microsoft or Novartis have offices and factories in this region.
Today the city has about 100,000 inhabitants and it is known as a unique place which is filled with history and culture.
Cambridge is also visited by thousands of people every year. Some of them come to see the MIT Museum, some for the Harvard Museum of Natural History, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology or the Busch Reisinger Museum.
Harvard Square represents the center of the town, a social and commercial area where major boulevards or avenues meet. It is the very place where one can find nice book shops, all sorts of restaurants, bars or terraces.
Close to Harvard Square, tourists can visit Harvard Yard, the campus of the University that was first opened here in 1636. Several of the buildings located there are very old, very beautiful and still perfectly functional. The place is wonderfully embellished by a statue of John Harvard.
Another interesting place for the visitors arriving in Cambridge, Massachusetts, is the Fogg Art Museum, which was firstly opened in 1895. At present the museum is considered to be the best university art museum in the country. A collection of works belonging to John Singleton Copley can be admired there; also, Stuart Gilbert signs many of the works exhibited in the museum.
MIT is the other great university located in Cambridge, and it has its own museum that was opened back in 1971. People will find there all sorts of documents related to science, engineering and technology. There are two famous exhibits in the museum: the Artificial Intelligence exhibit and the Emerging Technologies Gallery. The collection that can be seen in this museum contains more than 1800 pieces and is considered to be the largest in the entire world.
Back in 1949, the Collection of Historical Instruments was opened in Cambridge; it is there that people can admire all the interesting and unique apparatus that scientists from Harvard have used over the years. Another interesting museum that should be visited while in Cambridge is the Museum of Useful Things. A visit to the museum will teach you to look in a different way at the things that you use daily; you will find answers to questions related to the origin and invention of the commonly used objects.